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SPECTRUM’s October 2017 Newsletter

This edition has the following Diverse range of featured articles:

  • Assistive technology
  • Looking forward to 2018
  • Black History Month
  • UN calls austerity ‘A human catastrophe’

Spotlight on our projects:

  • Information & Membership Development Officer
  • Journey to Employment
  • How Direct Payments changed my life
  • Community Navigator Team

And TWO (Yes 2) articles from our resident Marxist:

  • Questions some people feel acceptable to ask
  • Food glorious food

Hate Crime Aware? Watch a video of our Awareness Session


At our AGM on the 21st October, we held a 1 hour session on Hate Crime awareness which includes the following highlights:

  • Key Note presentation by Michael Lane: Police & Crime Commissioner for Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Portsmouth & Southampton
  • What is Hate Crime? The role of 3rd Party Hate Crime Reporting CentresAhmed Sasso. Diverse Community Engagement Officer – Hampshire Police
  • Question Time Panel
  • Demonstration of the new Hate Crime App (Available on iPad and Android devices)

Watch the Video here

SPECTRUM is One of the first of the Southampton 3rd Party Hate Crime Support and Reporting Centres – read this article if you’d like to know who the other organisations are:


Breakout Youth     

35 The Avenue, Southampton SO17 1XN

Contact: Michael Salmon

Email: Michael.Salmon@breakoutyouth.org.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: LGBT Youth



Suite 1, Office 3, Mitchell House, Brook Avenue, Warsash. Southampton. SO31 9HP

Contact: Kevan

Email: office@chrysalis-gii.org

Area of experience / Expertise:Gender Identity


City College    

St Mary St, Southampton SO14 1AR

Contact: Gemma Limburn

Email: Gemma.Limburn@Southampton-City.ac.uk



2 James St, Southampton SO14 1PJ

Contacts: Admir Selimovic, Mike Brown

Emails: admir@clearproject.org.uk, mike@clearproject.org.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: Asylum, immigration, ESOL


EU Welcome   

St. Edmund’s Lodge, The Avenue, Southampton, SO17 1XJ

Contact: Dave Adcock

Email: euwelcome@yahoo.co.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: Migrants/EU (Polish)


Muslim Council of Southampton  

Ropewalk Centre, 53 Derby Road, Southampton. SO14 0DJ

Contact: Dr Parvin Damani

Email: mcschair@outlook.com

Contact: Raheem Ahmed

Email: raheem@gmx.com


Muslim Women’s Network

Ropewalk Centre, 53 Derby Road, Southampton. SO14 0DJ

Contact: Dr Parvin Damani

Email: parvy185@gmail.com


No Limits  

13-14 High St, Southampton SO14 2DF

Contact: Crystal Hawkhead

Email: crystal.hawkhead@nolimitshelp.org.uk


Southampton University hospital     

Trust Management Offices, Mailpoint 18, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton. SO16 6YD.

Phone:023 8120 4745

Contact: Gemma Genco

Email: Gemma.Genco@uhs.nhs.uk


Southampton Voluntary Services   

Voluntary Action Centre/Kingsland Sq/St. Mary Street, Southampton SO14 1NW.

Phone:023 8022 8291.

Also at: Shopmobility service which is based at 7 Castle Way Southampton, Phone 023 8063 1263

Contact: Jo Ash

Email: j.ash@southamptonvs.org.uk

Contact: Rob Kurn

Email: r.kurn@southamptonvs.org.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: Umbrella body for local voluntary and community groups in Southampton


SPECTRUM Centre for Independent Living     

Unity 12, 9-19 Rose Road, SOUTHAMPTON. SO14 6TE.

Telephone: 023 8033 0982

Contact: Ian Loynes

Email: ian.loynes@spectrumcil.co.uk

Contact: Lesley Long-Price

Email: lesley.long-price@spectrumcil.co.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: Disabled People (any impairment)


Stepacross, 3rd Age Centre & City of Sanctuary Southampton  

11 Cranbury Terrace, Southampton SO14 0LH

Contact: Stephen Press

Emails: stephenpress@stepacross.org.uk, cityofsanctuarysouthampton@gmail.com, reception@thirdagecentre.org.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: Support for local charities, community groups, Asylum + small business start-ups


The Edge  

Compton Walk, Southampton SO14 0BH

Contact: Nick Linder

Email: nick@theedgesouthampton.com

Area of experience / Expertise: Gay nightclub


The London Hotel 

Oxford St, Southampton SO14 3DJ

Contact: David Riley Cole

Email: d-riley@btconnect.com

Area of experience / Expertise: Gay pub (Trans)


The United Voices of African Associations (TUVAA)    

53 Derby Rd, Southampton SO14 0DJ

Contact: Abdoulie Sanneh

Email: a_sanneh@hotmail.co.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: Race/Religion. Umbrella organisation for African groups


West Itchen Community Trust   

Ropewalk Community Centre, 53 Derby Rd, Southampton SO14 0DJ.


Contact: Alex Ivancevic

Email: alex@wict.co.uk

Contact: Gulzar Sharif

Email: g.sharif@wict.co.uk

Contact: Richard Harwood

Email: r.harwood@wict.co.uk

Area of experience / Expertise: General (inner city minority communities)



YMCA Newtown Youth & Community Centre, Graham Road, Southampton SO14 0AW

Tel: 02380 33 00 07

Contact: Andrew Simpson

Email: Andrew.Simpson@ymca-fg.org

Contact: Sharlien Kennedy

Email: Sharlien.Kennedy@ymca-fg.org

Contact: Billie Murphy

Email: Billie.Murphy@ymca-fg.org

Area of experience / Expertise: Works with youths, regardless of race, religion or culture


Comfortable about Disability? Why Focusing on Disability Equality Makes Good Business Sense


  • Would you like your business to increase its share of the ‘Purple Pound’- the £212BN purchasing power of Disabled People, and therefore increase your businesses performance, turnover and profits?
  • Would you like to understand how to attract more Disabled Customers to your business?
  • Would you like to attract and retain talented Disabled Employees?
  • Is your business attractive to Disabled People? (who comprise 15% of the UK population)

SPECTRUM CIL invites you to a free event to help you find answers to the above questions, and discuss ways to improve customer throughput by up to 15%

According to the Harvard Business School, customers who have the best experiences spend 140% more than customers who say they had poor experiences. So, providing products and services that are inclusive, in an accessible environment for customers and enabling all employees to work to their full potential can help businesses thrive.

What we can do to help with Businesses and Employers

As an organisation entirely focused on Disabled People; our unique insight based directly on the lived experiences of Disabled People can help you to identify ways to increase your profits, unlocking Disabled People’s spending power in your business and increasing your customer base by up to 15%. We can also help you attract and retain talented Disabled staff and show you the benefits of a loyal, diverse and multi-talented workforce to maximising your productivity.

We offer consultancy and training on a wide range of issues for businesses and employers including:

  • Making products and premises accessible for Disabled customers
  • Effective marketing to Disabled People
  • Accessible work environments, policies and working practices
  • Support for Disabled employees and their managers
  • Disability related provisions for providers of goods and services and employers required by the Equality Act

Want to find out more? Keep reading for booking details:

Comfortable about Disability?

Why Focusing on Disability Equality Makes Good Business Sense

Event Details:

  • Date:         Tuesday 7th November 2017
  • Time:         2:30pm – 4:30pm
  • Venue:      Southampton City Council Office, Civic Centre Road, SO14 7LY

To register your place:


For further information:

Or to book your space via email: contact our training and consultancy team:

Gerry Zarb:     Email: gerry.zarb@spectrumcil.co.uk


Event organised by SPECTRUM, with the support of:SPECTRUM Logo Low quality (Websites)

Do you think Disability Barriers are too expensive to remove? Watch this short video

Susan Daniels

We have written extensively over the last few articles about why SPECTRUM exists, what our guiding philosophies are and what we believe are the essential ingredients to an inclusive society and workplaces.

Many governments, organisations and people however still view the moral arguments for including Disabled People as CUSTOMERS, as EMPLOYEES and as contributing members of SOCIETY as expensive.

Including Disabled People: “An expensive luxury we cannot afford?”

Many years ago (2002 in fact) SPECTRUM ran a high profile conference we called ‘Barriers to Business’ which highlighted the benefits and solutions to businesses in making sure they employed Disabled People and ensured their goods and services were accessible and friendly to Disabled People.

One of the most powerful parts of that conference was the short video below. This video was actually from an earlier B&Q conference, and the Speaker was Susan Daniels who at the time worked for the Office of Disability in USA.

We encourage you to watch this video. It is just as powerful, and creative now as it was 15 years ago:

To watch this video go directly to this link:


Tell us what you think?

Struggling to Understand the Social Model? This essay changed my understanding – and my life


By Ian Loynes, Chief Executive SPECTRUM CIL

  • Like many young(ish) Disabled People, I heard about the Social Model of Disability and had people telling me that it was society that disabled me. It wasn’t so much my impairments, but the way that society failed to accommodate my needs that DISABLED me.
  • Well… I couldn’t accept that back then. I just couldn’t see beyond my reality that it was my joints and eyes that limited me.
  • Then… I bumped into Vic Finkelstein and his essay: “To deny or not to deny disability”. It was a life defining moment for me and helped me understand just how powerful and empowering the Social Model was for me.

Vic Finkelstein was a disability activist, scholar and avid supporter of the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. In 1975 he penned this famous essay that showed how disability could be overcome and disappear with changes in society.

For me personally, this essay helped me to understand how important the Social Model of Disability is, and how to relate it to my life. This essay helped me to understand how it is the barriers and attitudes of people that actually disables me – rather than my impairment.

This essay is the single most influential thing I have ever read; I hope you will read it too, and I sincerely hope that it helps you to understand and relate to the Social Model of Disability, as it did for me.

Vic died in 2011, aged 73. SPECTRUM is proud to republish his essay in the belief it will be as powerful in 2017 as it was back in 1975



Disabled People have always struggled against the way they have been prevented from taking part in the normal activities of their communities. More recently, however, these struggles have taken a step forward. Disabled People have begun to organise for their emancipation and join the growing numbers of groups struggling against social discrimination. We are taking a deeper look at ourselves, at the way we are treated and at what is meant by disability. We have noticed that it has nearly always been others who have researched, written, analysed, examined our history, and proposed their knowing solutions for us. More and more Disabled People have had experience of ‘disability experts’ and increasingly we have come to recognise the humiliation this relationship may take for granted. Can it be that having others research on the lives of Disabled People rather than us expressing our own experience has something to do with the very nature of disability? What, then is disability?

For many of us, the single factor that unites us together in our struggles is that it is our society that discriminates against us. Our society disables people with different physical impairments. The cause, then, of disability is the social relationships which take little or no account of people who have physical impairments. If this definition is correct, then it should be possible to prove that other social groups can become disabled, in an imaginary society which took no account of their physical status. In such an imaginary society it would be possible for physically impaired people to be able-bodied!

Let us see whether we can turn the world upside-down and show that disability is a socially caused problem. An upside-down world where the ‘able’ become ‘disabled’ and where we can show, too, that far from adjusting and accepting disability perhaps, just perhaps, it is healthier to deny and struggle to eliminate disability?

Let us suppose that those who believe in segregation could really have their way. We will imagine a thousand or more Disabled People, all wheelchair users, collected together and settled in their own village where they had full management and democratic rights. We will suppose able-bodied people do not often visit the village and that the wheelchair-users control all aspects of their lives. They make the goods that they sell in their shops with special aids, they work the machines that clean the streets, run their own educational colleges, banks, post offices, and transport system of the village, and so on. In fact, for the villager, being in a wheelchair is like everyone else in their world of people that he or she meets in daily life. They see wheelchair-users on television and hear them on the radio. Able-bodied people, however, are rarely seen and little understood.

In the course of the life of the village the wheelchair-users plan their lives according to their needs. They design their own buildings to suit their physical situation. One thing the wheelchair-users architects quickly discover in this village is that because everyone is always in wheelchairs there is no need to have ceilings at 9’6″ or door heights at 7’2″. Soon it becomes standard practice to build doors to a height of 5′ and ceiling or rooms to a height of 7’4″. Naturally the building codes set out in the regulations made these heights standard, now everyone is happy in the village; all the physical difficulties have been overcome and this little society has changed according to the physical characteristics of its members. At last the buildings and environment are truly in tune with their needs.

Let us say that when all the adjustments had been made and become fixed, in this wheelchair society, a few able-bodied had, through no fault of their own, to come to settle in this village. Naturally one of the first things they noticed was the heights of the doors and ceilings. They noticed this directly, by constantly knocking their heads on the door lintels.

Soon all the able-bodied members of the village were also marked by the dark bruises they carried on their foreheads. Of course, they went to see the village doctors, who were naturally, also wheelchair-users. Soon the wheelchair-user doctors, wheelchair-psychiatrists, wheelchair-user social workers etc., were involved in the problems of the able-bodied villagers.

The doctors produced learned reports about the aches and pains of the able-bodied in society. They saw how the bruises and painful backs from walking bent double so frequently were caused by their physical condition. The wheelchair-user doctors analysed the problems and wrote their definitions. They said these able-bodied people suffered a “loss or reduction of functional ability” which resulted in a handicap. This handicap caused a “disadvantage or restriction of activity” which made them disabled in this society.

Soon special aids were designed by the wheelchair-user doctors and associated professions for the able-bodied disabled members of the village. All the able-bodied were given special toughened helmets (provided free by the village) to wear at all times. Special braces were designed which gave support while keeping able-bodied wearer bent at a height similar to their fellow wheelchair-user villagers. Some doctors went so far as to suggest that there was no hope for these poor sufferers unless they too used wheelchairs, and one person even went so far as to suggest amputation to bring the able-bodied down to the right height! The able-bodied disabled caused many problems. When they sought jobs no-one would employ them.

Special experts had to be trained to understand these problems and new professions created for their care. When one able-bodied Disabled Person applied for a job as a television interviewer, a special medical examination had to be arranged to see if he was fit for this work. In the end it was decided that he was not suitable. It was felt, the wheelchair-user doctor pointed out in the case-file, that a television interviewer wearing a helmet all the time would not be acceptable. Since the cameras would only show the top of his head because the able-bodied were always bent double by the harness they had to wear he would not be suitable for interviewing. It is well known, the wheelchair-user doctor wrote, how difficult it is to communicate with the able-bodied because it is not easy to see their facial expressions and meet eye-to-eye while they are bent double.

In time special provision had to be made in the village to provide a means of obtaining money for these able-bodied disabled to live. Voluntary societies were created to collect charity and many shops and pubs had an upturned helmet placed on the counters for customers to leave their small change. Painted on the helmets were the words ‘Help the able-bodied disabled’. Sometimes a little plaster-cast model would stand in the corner of a shop, the figure bent double in their characteristic pose, with a slotted box on the figure’s back for small coins.

But one day, when the able-bodied were sitting together and discussing their problems they realised that they were never consulted by the wheelchair-users about this in the little society. In fact they realised that there may be solutions to their problems which had never occurred to the wheelchair-users simply because they never looked at these in the same way as those who had them. It occurred to these able-bodied Disabled People that perhaps the cause of their problems had a social solution – they suggested that the door and ceiling heights be changed ! They formed a union to fight segregation. Of course some of the wheelchair-users thought the able-bodied disabled were failing to accept and adjust to their disabilities and they had chips on their shoulders because they argued so strongly for social change and a change in attitudes by the wheelchair-users. The able-bodied disabled even argued that perhaps, just perhaps, their disabilities could be overcome and disappear with changes in society.



This essay has been reproduced faithfully, however, since it was written, language (particularly around disability issues) has progressed. Please note the following:

· ‘Disabled Person/People’ is the preferred term to ‘person/people with disabilities’.

· ‘non-disabled’ is the preferred term to ‘able-bodied’.

See SPECTRUM’s Language of Disability article on our Blog or on LinkedIn for more information